米軍無人機攻撃 民間人の犠牲拡大を阻止せよ

The Yomiuri Shimbun November 6, 2013
Civilian casualties in drone attacks must be prevented from expanding
米軍無人機攻撃 民間人の犠牲拡大を阻止せよ(11月5日付・読売社説)

Drone strikes that kill civilians have been drawing a backlash against U.S.-led operations to eliminate terrorist groups. The goal of the U.S.-led counterterrorism campaign may be threatened unless the number of victims of wrongly targeted drone attacks is prevented from increasing.

A U.N. expert tasked with investigating drone attacks conducted by the United States and Britain as antiterrorist operations in Pakistan and Afghanistan has issued a report through the Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly.

Since 2004, civilian deaths in drone attacks have reportedly exceeded 450.

The United States is said to have started strikes against terrorists with missile-firing drones around 2001.

After the whereabouts of strike targets are determined in cooperation with informants, a drone remotely controlled from a base on the U.S. mainland is sent into the skies over the targeted spots. The strike is launched after the target is spotted by the built-in radar and an onboard camera.

Drone attacks have the advantage of not causing U.S. casualties. In addition, drones offer airborne access to areas that are otherwise only accessible over land routes that pass through tribal areas in Pakistan and are very difficult to traverse. Capable of long flights and instant attacks, drones have proved effective in eliminating hiding terrorist suspects.

One example is the recent strike that killed the supreme leader of Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan.

As pointed out by the U.N. report, drones are designed to access and strike targets with precision-guided weapons, thereby minimizing collateral casualties.

But if there have been as many erroneous drone strikes as reported, it will be necessary to follow targets precisely via intelligence gathering activities on the ground.

Enhance transparency

The U.N. report recommended that the United States disclose information about drone strikes that result in civilian casualties. Although Washington has revealed almost no information about its drone strike program, it should disclose information about drone strikes suspected to have led to civilian casualties.

Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif called for an end to drone strikes during a meeting with U.S. President Barack Obama last month.

But Obama plans to continue the attacks as the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan approaches. Before the withdrawal is completed next year, the United States presumably wants to eliminate as many leaders of terrorist groups escaping from Afghanistan into Pakistan as possible.

Pakistan has joined in antiterrorist campaigns. The United States and Pakistan are urged to cooperate in mopping up terrorist groups for the benefit of regional stabilization.

U.S. drone strikes have been declining since peaking in 2010. Obama has already announced his intention to scale back on such attacks and enhance their transparency.

It is worrying, however, that more and more countries have been introducing drones. Drones must not be left uncontrolled as lethal stealth weapons. International efforts must be accelerated to work out global rules on such matters as public disclosure.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Nov. 5, 2013)
(2013年11月5日02時10分 読売新聞)


srachai について

early retired civil engineer migrated from Tokyo to Thailand
カテゴリー: 英字新聞 パーマリンク



WordPress.com ロゴ

WordPress.com アカウントを使ってコメントしています。 ログアウト /  変更 )

Google+ フォト

Google+ アカウントを使ってコメントしています。 ログアウト /  変更 )

Twitter 画像

Twitter アカウントを使ってコメントしています。 ログアウト /  変更 )

Facebook の写真

Facebook アカウントを使ってコメントしています。 ログアウト /  変更 )


%s と連携中

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.